There are various opinions of the honourable scholars with regard to the name of this blessed salah. Some of them called it Salat ut-Tasabih. Others called it Salat ut-Tawbah. Yet another group called it Salat ul-Ghufran (prayer for forgiveness).
Whatever its name may be, it refers to one prayer and its purpose is one. Verily it is a great prayer for expiating the sins, forgiveness for the sins and mistakes. It is a cleansing for whoever wants to be cleansed, success for whomsoever seeks salvation.
The renowned scholar 'Abdul-'Aziz ibn Abi Rawad1 said, "Whoever desires Paradise should take to Salat ut-Tasabih."
Abu 'Uthman Sa'id ibn Isma'il al-Hiri2 said, "I have not seen anything for removal of calamities and afflictions like Salat ut-Tasabih."
As-Subki3 said, "Indeed I have spoken at length about this because of the objection of An-Nawawi on it and the reliance of the people of this era on him. Thus I was afraid the people who be deceived by that. Thus it is befitting that one endeavours to do it."
The one who hears of the great reward contained in it and then is heedless of it, is no more than someone who is carefree with regards to his din, not plentiful in doing righteous actions and he should not be considered from the people or resolve - and we ask Allah for safety.
Ibn 'Abidin said, "The hadith pertaining to it is reliable because of its many chains, and those who consider it weak then it is mere conjecture from them. It contains in it a reward which should not be abandoned, and based on this, some of the muhaqqiqin 5 say, 'No-one hears of its great blessing, and leaves it except that he is negligent with regard to his religion.' "6
Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr said in his Amali, "'Abdullah ibn Al-Mubarak used to pray it and it has been handed down from the righteous."7
Thus, in this, is a streghtening of the hadith and the earliest person from whom is reported this action is Abu Jawzah ibn 'Abdullah al-Basri.8
Many of the scholars have stated it as being recommended, from the Shafi'iyyah like ash-Shaykh Abi Hamid and Al-Muhamali and Al-Juwayni and his father Imam Al-Harmayn and Al-Ghazali and Al-Qadhi Hussayn and Al-Baghawi and Al-Matuli and Zahir ibn Ahmad ar-Radi and Rafi'i in Ar-Rawdah and then he mentions the affirmation of Imam Ahmad and the mistake of those who declared it to be fabricated.
Salat is obligatory upon every Muslim who is sane, mature and in the case of women who are free from menstruation and confinement related to child birth. In prayer, Salat, every muscle and bone of the body joins the soul and the mind in the worship of Allâh. The prayers are performed at dawn, mid-day, late-afternoon, sunset, and nightfall; reminding one of his duty to Allâh throughout the day. Salat should be offered in its due time, unless there is a reasonable excuse. Other obligatory prayers include the Friday congregational prayer, Eidprayers and the funeral prayer. Regular prayer helps prevent one from committing sins and gives one the opportunity to seek Allâh’s pardon for any misgivings that occur in the course of one’s daily activities.
"Recite what is sent of the Book by inspiration to thee, and establish regular Prayer: for Prayer restrains from shameful and unjust deeds; and remembrance of God is the greatest (thing in life) without doubt. And God knows the (deeds)that ye do. " [The Qurân Ch: 29 Al-Ankaboot, V: 45]
I was just reading the Bible. As I read several passages, I ran into this one: "If Cain is avenged seven times, then Lamech seventy-seven times" (Genesis 4:24). From the times I've read the Bible, this verse never really jumped out at me until today. In Matthew 18:21-22, Peter asks Jesus, "Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?" Jesus' response was, "I tell you, not seven times, but seventy-seven times". I never put these two verses together. It's quite intriguing how the first time it is mentioned, it talks about vengeance but the second time, it talks about forgiveness. But that's the Bible. The first time something comes up, it might be good, depending on the verse you're talking about, but the second time it is mentioned, it's even better. Think about God's solution for our sins (JESUS), for example. It's also interesting that it talks about forgiveness the second time since that's what Jesus came to do--take our sins so that if we repent ALL our sins are FORGIVEN.