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Does anybody remember why governments started Lotteries?

On The Lottery

In the beginning

The first recorded signs of a lottery are keno slips from the Chinese Han Dynasty between 205 and 187 BC. These lotteries are believed to have helped to finance major government projects like the Great Wall of China. From the Chinese "The Book of Songs" (2nd millennium BC.) comes a reference to a game of chance as "the drawing of wood", which in context appears to describe the drawing of lots. From the Celtic era, the Cornish words "teulel pren" translates into "to throw wood" and means "to draw lots". The Iliad of Homer refers to lots being placed into Agamemnon's helmet to determine who would fight Hector.

The first known European lotteries were held during the Roman Empire, mainly as an amusement at dinner parties. Each guest would receive a ticket, and prizes would often consist of fancy items such as dinnerware. Every ticket holder would be assured of winning something. This type of lottery, however, was no more than the distribution of gifts by wealthy noblemen during the Saturnalian revelries. The earliest records of a lottery offering tickets for sale is the lottery organized by Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar. The funds were for repairs in the City of Rome, and the winners were given prizes in the form of articles of unequal value.

The first recorded lotteries to offer tickets for sale with prizes in the form of money were held in the Low Countries in the 15th century. Various towns held public lotteries to raise money for town fortifications, and to help the poor. The town records of Ghent, Utrecht, and Bruges indicate that lotteries may be even older. A record dated May 9, 1445 at L'Ecluse refers to raising funds to build walls and town fortifications, with a lottery of 4,304 tickets and total prize money of 1737 florins.[1] In the 17th century it was quite usual in the Netherlands to organize lotteries to collect money for the poor or in order to raise funds for all kinds of public usages. The lotteries proved very popular and were hailed as a painless form of taxation. The Dutch state-owned Staatsloterij is the oldest running lottery.

Creative Fundraising & Financing

On The Thoughtful Young Djedi from Bermuda

Think Piece: FIFA World Cup


The FIFA World Cup, normally referred to as the World Cup, is an international football competition contested by the men’s national teams of Fédération Internationale de Football Association(FIFA), the sport’s global governing body. The tournament has taken place every four years since the first championship in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946, because of World War II. Presently the tournament involves 32 teams who compete for the title at venues within host nation(s) lasting about a month. This last phase is often called the World Cup Finals, and is preceded by the three year qualification phase which determines who qualifies for the tournament alongside the host nations. The World Cup exceeds the Olympic Games as the most widely viewed sporting event in the world, attracting an estimated 715.1 million people for the 2006 final.

Up until the 1950s radio existed as the foremost medium for entertaining sports fans. Radio reports were considered the premier destination for football coverage. However developing technology led to the first televised World Cup broadcasted live at the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland. Europe’s media companies learned from the technological advances in the USA, where the first NFL Championship game was televised in 1940 and baseball’s World Series in 1948. On both continents, the events were only seen by a few viewers since the penetration of television sets was relatively low at the time. The television had not yet replaced the press and radio as a main source of information for the general public. Towards the end of the 1950s audiences became more enthusiastic about television programming and television sets became cheaper, which resulted in a significant rise in the number of sets.

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