The internet is a flutter this week with news that Folorunsho Alakija, has been announced as the richest black woman (reportedly pushing Oprah into 2nd place) in the world by Ventures Africa, a largely unknown monthly Pan-African business magazine. Ventures Africa describes her as a “billionaire oil tycoon, Fashion designer and philanthropist” and puts her net worth at “at least $3.3 billion, far above a recent Forbes Magazine ranking which pegs her net worth at only $600 million”. This is a seriously impressive amount of money, especially when you consider the fact that only 30 years ago Folorunsho Akakija was a well-known fashion designer with zero experience, expertise or investments in the oil industry. And no, she wasn’t worth anything near $3.3 billion dollars back then.
No doubt you’re curious as to how Folorunsho Akakija managed to earn $3.3 billion dollars in the first place. Well, Ventures Africa has the standard hagiographical account of Alakija’s improbable rise to richest black woman on Earth. Fittingly, the story begins in Nigeria, the only country on earth where anyone is able to become a ‘billionaire oil tycoon’ virtually overnight.
“Alakija, 61, was born into a wealthy, polygamous Nigerian family. She started out her professional career in the mid-70s as a secretary at the now defunct International Merchant Bank of Nigeria, one of the country’s earliest investment banks. In the early 80s, Alakija quit her job and went on to study Fashion design in England, returning to Nigeria shortly afterwards to start Supreme Stitches, a premium Nigerian fashion label which catered exclusively to upscale clientele. The business thrived, and Alakija quickly made a tidy fortune selling high-end Nigerian clothing to fashionable wives of military bigwigs and society women”.
One of those military bigwigs was one Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, whose wife, Maryam, soon became a major client of Alakija’s. In 1993, Ibrahim Babangida had become Nigeria’s military dictator and Head of State of Nigeria and was in the final year of his 8 year reign after overthrowing the government of General Muhammadu Buhari in 1985. His wife, Maryam was of course Nigeria’s First Lady at the time. Alakija had by then become the unofficial clothier to the now late Maryam Babangida, which is a pretty big deal in itself as Maryam Babangida had cultivated a reputation as a “celebrity and an icon of beauty, fashion and style’".
How did Alakija go from Babangida’s clothier to “billionaire oil tycoon” with an alleged net worth of $3.3 billion dollars? Well, that’s where Ventures Africa’s carefully written hagiography starts to break down.
“In May 1993 Alakija applied for an allocation of an Oil Prospecting License (OPL). The license to explore for oil on a 617,000 acre block – (now referred to as OPL 216) was granted to Alakija’s company, Famfa Limited. The block is located approximately 220 miles South East of Lagos and 70 miles offshore Nigeria in the central Niger Delta”.
In May 1993, Alakija, applied for the allocation of an Oil Prospecting License (OPL) and was awarded a license by the Federal Government to explore for oil on a 617,000 acre bloc in the Niger Delta. Her known qualifications for the award of a 617,000 acre oil bloc were essentially that she made really nice clothes for Maryam Babangida.
“This was in 1993. Many wealthy Nigerian businessmen and military bigwigs who had been allocated oil blocs by the military administration at the time had no clue as to the technicalities in operating an oil bloc, so many of them typically acquired OPLs, and then flipped them off to international oil companies for substantial profits. But Alakija was intelligent. She had no expertise or experience in running an oil field, but she decided not to sell off her license. In September 1996, she entered into a joint venture agreement with Star Deep Water Petroleum Limited (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Texaco) and appointed the company as a technical adviser for the exploration of the license, transferring 40 percent of her 100 percent stake to Star Deep. Subsequently, Star Deep sold off 8 percent of its stake in OPL 216 to Petrobas, a Brazilian company. Folorunsho Alakija and her family owned 60 percent."
Alakija had no expertise or experience running an oil field. This is the most important thing you need to know about ‘the richest black woman in the world’. She had no expertise or experience doing the thing from which she became stupendously and improbably rich.
Alakija was not qualified to be awarded a license to produce palm oil, much less crude oil. Ventures Africa won’t say it but the truth is Folorunsho Akakija is allegedly worth $3.3 billion dollars because Ibrahim Babangida’s wife’s favourite fashion designer, somehow acquired a 617,000 acre oil bloc now worth $3.3 billion dollars of Nigeria’s money. If that isn’t a scandal, I don’t know what is. Ventures Africa's estimate of Folorunso Akakija's net worth is questionable, considering that Forbes Magazine, a significantly more respectable publication, estimates her wealth at a mere $6oo million dollars; considerably less than Oprah Winfrey's $2.7 billion dollar net worth. If you want to see what $3.3 billion dollars gets you then you should check out these photos of her son's wedding this September. Needless to say, it was quite the party.
Here's Folorunso Alakija talking to CNN about Folorunso Alakija.
[caption id="" align="alignright" width="300"] The president of Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan, at the Nuclear Security Summit, in 2010. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)[/caption]
In an investigative report titled ‘N5trn stolen under Jonathan - Investigation’ the Sunday Punch delivered a withering criticism of Goodluck Jonathan’s war on corruption. It reports that in just 2 years President Jonathan has presided over an orgy of corruption, fraud and embezzlement. In only his first 31 months in office an estimated N5trn has been pilfered under Mr. Jonathan’s watch.
N5trn is a lot of money. The Federal Government’s total revenue for the second quarter of 2012 (April to June) was N2.5trn. N5trn, which has gone missing under President Jonathan’s leadership, is Nigeria’s gross revenue for 6 months. The staggering scale of fraud is even more impressive considering it has been achieved in just the first 31 months of the President’s first term.
Sunday Punch estimated the magnitude of fraud perpetrated under President Jonathan by combining the findings of the Mallam Nuhu Ribadu Petroleum Task Force report, the Minister of Trade and Investment’s report on stolen crude, the House of Representatives fuel subsidy report and the investigations into the ecological fund, SIM card registration and frequency band spectrum sale.
According to the Petroleum Task Force report, 250,000 barrels of crude oil have been stolen a day at a cost of $6.3bn (N1.2trn) a year. In the two years of President Jonathan’s government, over $12.6bn (N2trn) has been lost (Minister of Finance, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, in May, said the government lost a fifth of its oil revenues to theft in April). In October, Minister of Trade and Investment, Dr. Olusegun Aganga, in a letter to the President, said 24 million barrels of oil worth $1.6bn (N252bn) was stolen between July and September. In some cases ministers simply gave away millions of dollars of government money. According to the Ribadu report ministers of Petroleum Resources between 2008 and 2011 handed out seven discretionary oil licenses costing the government $183m (N29bn) in signature bonuses. 3 of these oil licences were awarded under Mrs. Diezani Alison-Madueke, the current Minister of Petroleum.
It’s no news that some of fastest growing economies of the past decade are in sub-Saharan Africa. With economic growth on the rise, my last visit to Lagos, Nigeria in November 2012 was very interesting. I had heard that Lagos had become an entertaining, dining and overall ‘everyone likes to have a good time’ city. I had to see this for myself. With new hang-outs and art galleries popping up all over the city, it made for an interesting couple of days of discovery in the traffic induced, colourful and vibrant city of Lagos. Here is a list of interesting places to discover while in Lagos:
Bogobiri House is a bar/restaurant/art gallery/ boutique hotel on Victoria Island. The vibe here is Afrocentric and the crowd is Afropolitan. It’s a great place to have lunch, spend the evening with some live music or view some art. The art gallery is part of the Nimbus Gallery which holds some very interesting work by artists like Akin Onipede. Bogobiri is great place to chill out and meet Lagos' creatives.
This arts and culture centre has been around for quite some time and just keeps getting better. The centre holds events and exhibitions throughout the year. If you’re interested in what’s happening on the art scene in Lagos this is the place to get clued in. It’s also a great place to sample some Nigerian cuisine.